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1. Maps

War Office General Staff (United Kingdom), Ordnance Survey 1928, Hong Kong and New Territory, 1945 (No 3868 2nd Edition): http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-233974790

Honkon bōgyo shisetsu-zu, Department of Geography, Ochanomizu University

Honkon fukin eikokugun bōbi zu [Defences of the British Army in Hong Kong and Vicinity], Shina-Shina shihen: nanshi 35.

2. The National Archives, UK

WO 106: War Office: Directorate of Military Operations and Military Intelligence, and predecessors: Correspondence and Papers

WO 196: War Office: Director of Artillery, later Director of Royal Artillery: Reports and Appreciations

WO 172: War Office: British and Allied Land Forces, South East Asia: War Diaries, Second World War

WO 235: Judge Advocate General’s Office: War Crimes Case Files, Second World War

CAB 44: Committee of Imperial Defence, Historical Branch and Cabinet Office, Historical Section

CAB 106: War Cabinet and Cabinet Office: Historical Section

ADM 199: Admiralty: War History Cases and Papers, Second World War

3. Imperial War Museum, London

“Brigadier C. R. Templer”, IWM Collection, Document 40186

“C. M. Maltby Scrapbook”, IWM Collection, Document 22835

“W. H. Poulter”, IWM Collection, Document 17098

“A. J. Alsey”, IWM Collection, Document 1620

“Private Papers of Lieutenant Colonel E O Levett OBE”, IWM Collection, Document 26105

“Major C. M. McEwan”, IWM Collection, Document 16232

4. Hong Kong Public Records Office

HKRS225 War Diaries and Miscellaneous Pictorial Records

5. Japan Centre of Asian Historical Records

Rikugun ichihan shiryō (General Records of the Imperial Japanese Army)

Kaigun ichihan shiryō (General Records of the Imperial Japanese Navy)

6. Archive of the National Institute for Defense Studies

“Kyūryū hantō okeru honbōgyo jinchi chōsa hōkoku” [The Study of the Main Defensive Position on the Kowloon Peninsula], 1/1942, Shina-Dai Tōasen-Nanshi 90.

“Dai sanjuhachi shidan Honkon kōryakusen sentō shōhō” [Report of the 38th Division’s Offensive Operation in Hong Kong], Shina-Shina shihen: nanshi 15.

“Honkon kōryakusen sentō shōhō dai sanju hachi shidan hohei dai nihakusanju rentai” [Action Report of the 230th Infantry Regiment of the 38th Division during the Hong Kong Campaign], Shina-Shina shihen: nanshi 34.

“Kyū Honkon bōgo shisetsu no shashin” [Photos of the Defences of the Ex-Hong Kong Fortress], Shina-Shashin 94.

7. Regimental Histories

Hohei dai ninihachi rentai shi [History of the 228th infantry regiment]. Nagoya: Hohei dai ninihachi rentai shi kankōkai, 1973.

Hohei dai ninikyu rentai shi [History of the 229th infantry regiment]. (Nagoya: Fukufukukai, 1981)

Matsumoto, Toraji (ed.). Sametaku nai asa: hohei dai nisanrei rentai no ayumi [A Morning that One Cannot Wake Up: the Steps of the 230th Infantry Regiment]. Hohei dai nihyaku sanjū rentai senyūkai, 2001.

Sanpōhei dai sanjūhachi rentaishi henshū iinkai. Sanpōhei dai sanjūhachi rentaishi: Shōwa jūyon nen hachigatsu - Shōwa nijūichi nen gogatsu [A History of the 38th Mountain Gun Regiment from August of the 14th Year of Showa to May of the 21st Year of Showa]. Sanpōhei dai sanjūhachi rentaishi henshū iinkai 1997.

Muir, Augustus. The First of Foot: the History of the Royal Scots. Edinburgh: the Royal Scots History Committee, 1961.

Combined Inter-services Historical Section, Official History of the Indian Armed Forces in the Second World War 1939-1945 (New Delhi, Orient Longmans, 1960).

Kemp, P. K. The Middlesex Regiment, 1919-1952. Aldershot, Gale and Polden, 1956.

Farndale, Martin. The Far East Theatre, 1941-1946. London: Brassey’s, 2000.

Fernyhough, A. H. History of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 1920-1945. London: Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 1966.

Alderson, Gordon. History of Royal Air Force Kai Tak. Hong Kong: Royal Air Force Kai Tak, 1972.

Richardson, Sam. The Royal Marines and Hong Kong, 1840-1997 (Portsmouth: Royal Marines Historical Society, 1997).

8. Senshi Sōsho (War History Series)

Bōeishō bōei kenshusho senshishitsu (Military History Research Section, National Institute for Defense Studies). Chukoku hōmen kaigun sakusen [The Naval Campaign in China]. Vol. 2. Tokyo: Asagumo shimbun, 1975.

Bōeishō bōei kenshusho senshishitsu. Chukoku hōmen kōku sakusen [Air battle on the China Front]. Tokyo: Asagumo shimbun, 1974.

Bōeishō bōei kenshusho senshishitsu. Honkon-chosa sakusen [Hong Kong-Changsha Operations]. Tokyo: Asagumo shimbun, 1971.

9. Other References

Banham, Tony. Not the Slightest Chance: the Defence of Hong Kong, 1941. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2003.

Banham, Tony. ‘Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps, Number 3 (Machine Gun) Company,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol. 45, (2005), pp. 118-43.

Banham, Tony. ‘A Short History of the Hong Kong Chinese Regiment,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol. 54, (2014), pp. 81-99.

Birch, Alan; Cole, Martin. Captive Christmas: The Battle of Hong Kong – December 1941. Hong Kong: Heinemann Asia, 1979.

Briggs, Christopher. Farewell Hong Kong 1941. Carlisle: Hesperian Press, 2001.

Bruce, Phillip. Second to None: the Story of the Hong Kong Volunteers. Hong Kong; New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Cambon, Kenneth. Guest of Hirohito. Vancouver: PW Press, 1990.

Carew, Tim. Fall of Hong Kong. London: Anthony Blond, 1960.

Carroll, John. A Concise History of Hong Kong. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Cracknell, Philip. Battle for Hong Kong, December 1941. Stroud: Amberley, 2019.

Crisswell, Colin and Watson, Mike. The Royal Hong Kong Police, 1841-1945. Hong Kong: MacMillan, 1982.

Dew, Gwen. Prisoner of the Japs. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1943.

Endacott, George. Hong Kong Eclipse. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Greenfield, Nathan. The Damned: the Canadians at the Battle of Hong Kong and the POW Experience, 1941-45. Toronto: HarperCollins Publishers, 2010.

Greenhous, Brereton. “C” Force to Hong Kong: a Canadian Catastrophe, 1941-1945. Toronto; Buffalo, NY: Dundurn Press, 1997.

Harfield, Alan. British and Indian Armies on the China Coast, 1785-1965. London: A and J Partnership, 1990.

Harland, Kathleen. The Royal Navy in Hong Kong, 1841-1980. Hong Kong: Royal Navy 1981.

Hong Kong Military History Notes (Privately published by Philip Bruce during the 1990s)

Kwong, Chi Man; Tsoi, Yiu Lun. Eastern Fortress: A Military History of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2014.

Kwong, Chi Man; Tsoi, Yiu Lun. Gudu qianshao: taipingyang zhanzheng zhong de xianggang zhanyi (Exposed Outpost: The Battle of Hong Kong in the Pacific War [Chinese]). Hong Kong: Cosmos, 2013.

Kwong, Chi Man. ‘Reconstructing the Early History of the Gin Drinker’s Line from Archival Sources,’ Surveying and Built Environment, Vol. 22, No. 1, (2012), pp. 19-36.

Kwong, Chi Man. Old Soldiers Never Die: Hong Kong Chinese Soldiers in the British Forces. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 2014.

Lai, Lawrence et. al, “Decoding the Enigma of the Fall of the Shing Mun Redoubt Using Line of Sight Analyses,” in Surveying and Built Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2, (Dec. 2011), pp. 21-42.

Lai, Lawrence. Stephen N. G. Davis, Ken S. T. Ching and Castor T. C. Wong, “Location of Pillboxes and Other Structures of the Gin Drinker’s Line Based on Aerial Photo Evidence,” in Surveying & Build Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2, (Dec 2011), pp. 69-70.

Lai, Lawrence, Ching, Ken, Ko, Tim and Tan, Y. K. ‘“Pillbox 3 Did Not Open Fire!” Mapping the Arcs of Fire of Pillboxes at Jardine’s Lookout and Wong Nai Chung Gap,’ Surveying and Built Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2 (2011): 109-131.

Lai, Lawrence. “The Gin Drinker’s Line: Reconstruction of a British Colonial Defence Line in Hong Kong Using Aerial Photo Information,” in Property Management, Vol. 27, No. 1, (2009), pp. 16-41.

Lindsay, Oliver. The Battle for Hong Kong 1941-1945: Hostage to Fortune. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2005.

Lindsay, Oliver. The Lasting Honour: The Fall of Hong Kong 1941. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1978.

Linklater, Andro. The Code of Love. New York: Doubleday, 2001.

Lowry, Bernard. “The Gin Drinkers Line: It’s Place in the History of Twentieth Century Fortifications,” in Surveying & Build Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2, (Dec 2011)

MacDonell, George. One Soldier’s Story 1939-1945: From the Fall of Hong Kong to the Defeat of Japan. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2002.

Macri, Franco David. Clash of Empires in South China: The Allied Nations’ Proxy War With Japan, 1935-1941. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2012.

Melson, Peter. White Ensign - Red Dragon: the History of the Royal Navy in Hong Kong, 1841-1997. Hong Kong: Edinburgh Financial Publishing (Asia), 1997.

Oxley, Donald (ed.). Victoria Barracks, 1842-1979. Hong Kong: British Forces Hong Kong, 1979.

Rev. Tohill, Bernard SDB. “Some Notes from A Diary of the Years 1941-42. Written up shortly after the events took place,” Aberdeen Technical School, 55th anniversary of the removal of many alien Salesians from Aberdeen Industrial School to St. Louis Industrial School, and consequently to Shanghai, 1995.

Rollo, Denis. The Guns and Gunners of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: The Gunners’ Roll of Hong Kong, 1991.

Sanbō honbu (ed.). Honkon heiyō chishi [A Survey of Hong Kong’s Military Terrain]. Tokyo 1938.

Sung, Hin Lun, Xianggang hangkong bainian [A Hundred Years of Hong Kong Aviation]. Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 2003.

Tan, Y. K. “Company Headquarters along Gin Drinker’s Line and Other Places in the New Territories,” Survey and Built Environment, Vol. 29, No. 1, (2019), pp. 89-108.

Vincent, Carl. No Reason Why: the Canadian Hong Kong Tragedy: an Examination. Ontario: Canada’s Wings Inc., 1981.

Wright-Nooth, George. Prisoner of the Turnip Heads: Horror, Hunger and Humour in Hong Kong. London: Leo Cooper, 1994.

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