1. Importing data
滙入數據

In this video | 在這條影片中
Importing Excel to SPSS
  • Import procedures: File > Import Data > Excel
  • Read variable names (field names) from first row of Excel
  • Data View stores raw data
  • Variable View stores characteristics of the variables (data fields)
將 Excel 滙入 SPSS
  • 滙入步驟:File > Import Data > Excel
  • 從 Excel 首行讀取變量名稱 (欄位名稱)
  • Data View 記錄數據
  • Variable View 記錄變量 (欄位) 的特性
Checking and Enhancing Variable Information
  • Label stores variable descriptions for own reference
  • Values stores coding schemes (i.e., what numerical values you used to represent different qualitative answers)
  • Missing stores numerical values that you assigned to represent missing or irrelevant survey answers, which will not be included for calculations
  • Measure denotes how you want to measure a variable (i.e., Nominal, Ordinal, Scale)
  • Nominal data: data sequence is unimportant
  • Scale data: data sequence is important + the difference between data is measurable
  • Ordinal data: data sequence is important + the difference between data is not measurable
檢查及補充變量資料
  • Label 記錄變量的描述,供日後參考
  • Values 記錄編碼系統 (意即,你使用那些數值來代表那類答案)
  • Missing 記錄指定的數值,來代表留空或無關的問卷答案,它們不會被納入計算
  • Measure 記錄你想如何計算每一個變量 (可選 Nominal, Ordinal, 或 Scale)
  • Nominal data: 數據的順序沒重要性
  • Scale data: 數據的順序是重要的 + 數據的差異可被量度
  • Ordinal data: 數據的順序是重要的 + 數據的差異不可被量度